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A Study on Reinforced Concrete Columns Partially Confined with Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer (CFRP)

Authors:

C. S. Lewangamage ,

University of Moratuwa, LK
About C. S.

Senior Lecturer in Civil Engineering

C.Eng., MIE (SL), B.Sc. Eng. (Hons) (Moratuwa), M.Eng. (Tokyo), Ph.D. (Tokyo)

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C. K. Rankoth,

LK
About C. K.
B.Sc. Eng. (Hons) (Moratuwa), Ph.D. (Yokohama)
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M. T. R. Jayasinghe

University of Moratuwa, LK
About M. T. R.

Senior Professor in Civil Engineering

C.Eng., MIE (SL), B.Sc. Eng. (Hons) (Moratuwa), Ph.D. (Cambridge)

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Abstract

Although the use of carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) materials is considered as a very effective retrofitting technique for reinforced concrete columns, still it is the identification of cost reduction strategies that draws most of the attention since the use of CFRP materials is considered as more expensive than any other retrofitting method. Providing partial confinement in place of full confinement which is the current practice may be a viable option that allows for considerable cost savings while maintaining the required structural capacity. Although CFRP technology has been in use for several decades, some countries still do not have adequate technical know-how to use this technique effectively. As there are several design guidelines available globally, it is quite unclear which design guideline will provide an economical design while maintaining the required factor of safety. This paper presents an experimental study conducted using 17 specimens to investigate the strength increments due to external CFRP confinement of reinforced and unreinforced concrete columns. Reinforced concrete columns were provided with both full and partial confinement to study their strength and ductility increments. The volumetric ratio of CFRP was kept constant for partially confined columns to study the effect of the jacket arrangement pattern. The experimental failure loads obtained were reviewed against the theoretical values calculated using ACI and fib guidelines, to investigate the overall safety factors available when using each design guideline. The experimental results showed considerable strength and ductility increments in all of the fully and partially confined specimens. Although the volumetric ratio of CFRP was kept same for all partially confined columns, it was observed that depending on the jacket location, the strength and ductility increments would vary. It was also observed that both design guidelines give for fully confined reinforced concrete columns, a factor of safety exceeding 1.5.
How to Cite: Lewangamage, C.S., Rankoth, C.K. & Jayasinghe, M.T.R., (2017). A Study on Reinforced Concrete Columns Partially Confined with Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer (CFRP). Engineer: Journal of the Institution of Engineers, Sri Lanka. 50(4), pp.41–50. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/engineer.v50i4.7274
Published on 31 Oct 2017.
Peer Reviewed

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