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Reading: Impact of Electric Vehicle Loads on the System Load Profile of Sri Lanka

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Section I

Impact of Electric Vehicle Loads on the System Load Profile of Sri Lanka

Authors:

R. M. G. D. Ranathunga ,

The Open University, LK
About R. M. G. D.
B. Tech. Eng.
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Lalith A. Samaliarachchi

The Open University, LK
About Lalith

Senior Lecturer, Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering

C.Eng, MIE (Sri Lanka), B.Sc. Eng. (Hons) (Moratuwa), M. Eng. (AIT), MIEE (UK),

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Abstract

Electric vehicles (EVs) are being promoted worldwide because of the potential they have to address atmospheric pollution issues and relieve countries from the burdens associated with the use of liquid petroleum based transport fuels. Ever increasing environmental concerns, improvements to battery technologies, entry of new manufacturers and new vehicle models, and introduction of favourable fiscal policies have all contributed to the increase in EV penetration rates worldwide including Sri Lanka. However, it is not clear how the power system in Sri Lanka would face the challenge of this new and unknown demand which would get added to the already exiting demand profile and which would be a result of the stochastic nature of the battery charging behaviour of EVs. In this research study, EV charging modes and charger types available in the market were considered and a model was established to ascertain the relationship between the charging demand and the other contributory factors such as EV battery sizes, charge remaining at the commencement of recharging, charging rates at different places of the chronological load profile, charging habits of customers and time-of-use pricing (TOU) policies. The probability distribution of variables such as the time of commencement of charging and battery charge duration was considered at a significantly acceptable level. By combining the probability distribution curves of the said variables, several EV charge demand curves were established using Monte Carlo method and the charging demand curves were subsequently superimposed on the system load profile. While the proposed methodology gives an insight into the impact of the EV load on the system load profile, it also shows how an effective control of EV charging could bring down the operational costs and investment cost of a power system.
How to Cite: Ranathunga, R.M.G.D. & Samaliarachchi, L.A., (2017). Impact of Electric Vehicle Loads on the System Load Profile of Sri Lanka. Engineer: Journal of the Institution of Engineers, Sri Lanka. 50(4), pp.1–11. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/engineer.v50i4.7270
Published on 31 Oct 2017.
Peer Reviewed

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