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Section II

A Least Cost Long -Term Energy Supply Strategy for Sri Lanka using Petroleum, Coal and Natural Gas

Authors:

B. M. C. Pasindu ,

Public Utilities Commission, LK
About B. M. C.

Assistant Director (Regulatory Affairs)

Eng., AMIE (Sri Lanka), B.Sc. Eng. (Hons), M.Sc., University of Moratuwa.

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K. T. M. U. Hemapala,

University of Moratuwa, LK
About K. T. M. U.

Senior Lecturer, Department of Electrical Engineering

Eng. (Dr.), AMIE (Sri Lanka), B.Sc. Eng. (Hons), Ph.D.

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K. K. W. Siriwardena

Public Utilities Commission, LK
About K. K. W.

Director, Tariff and Economic Affairs

Eng., AMIE (Sri Lanka), B.Sc. Eng. (Hons), M.Phil.

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Abstract

Long term energy sector planning is essential for a country to achieve sustainable development in all its social, economic and environmental dimensions. Furthermore, it will ensure the energy supply security of the country. The energy supply side needs to deal with technical, economic and environmental assessments of all energy supply options such as natural resources, energy imports, energy exports etc. The energy supply side should follow policy directives of the government and should take into account all other related constraints. Similarly, the demand side too has to deal with the assessment of future energy needs of various consumption sectors, policy directives etc. In this study the software MESSAGE was used to model the energy chains associated with petroleum, coal and Natural Gas (NG) in relation to Sri Lanka. The national energy chain was modelled considering the modernizations of the existing refinery through the introduction of NG to the energy sector and the introduction of electric vehicles. In addition, the viability of constructing a urea plant was also explored.
How to Cite: Pasindu, B.M.C., Hemapala, K.T.M.U. & Siriwardena, K.K.W., (2017). A Least Cost Long -Term Energy Supply Strategy for Sri Lanka using Petroleum, Coal and Natural Gas. Engineer: Journal of the Institution of Engineers, Sri Lanka. 50(3), pp.55–66. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/engineer.v50i3.7265
Published on 10 Sep 2017.
Peer Reviewed

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