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Section II

Engineering and Economic Viability of Using Crushed Construction Waste in the Production of Concrete and Mortar

Authors:

D. A. T. H. Deiyagala ,

Western Province Engineering Organization, LK
About D. A. T. H.

Technical Officer

Eng. (Miss.), AMIE (SL), BTech (Eng)(OUSL)

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P. G. N. Priyadarshani,

National Water Supply and Drainage Board, LK
About P. G. N.

Engineering Assistant (Civil)

BTech (Eng)(OUSL), NDT (Moratuwa)

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M. A. N. Perera,

Overseas Realty Ceylon PLC, LK
About M. A. N.

Senior Executive, Civil Engineering, Facility Management Department

NDES (IET Katunayake)

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T. M. Pallewatta,

The Open University, LK
About T. M.

Professor in Civil Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering

Eng. (Prof.), Int. PE (SL), C. Eng., FIE (SL), FIAE (SL), BSc Eng (Hons) (Moratuwa), MEng (AIT), DrEng (Tokyo)

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M. N. C. Samarawickrama,

The Open University, LK
About M. N. C.

Senior Lecturer in Civil Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering

Eng. C. Eng., MIE (SL), MGS (SL), B.Sc. Eng. Hons. (Moratuwa), M.Sc. (Peradeniya), MBA (Moratuwa)

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D. P. M. B. Tibbotuwawa

The Open University, LK
About D. P. M. B.

Probationary Lecturer, Department of Civil Engineering

Eng. AMIE (SL), AMSSE (SL), MGS (SL), BTech  (Eng)(Hons)(OUSL), BSc. (Colombo)

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Abstract

The main aim of this study was to investigate the suitability of using demolished construction waste (crushed concrete, ceramic tiles and cement blocks) as raw materials in the production of concrete and mortar. Initially, the physical properties of the aggregates made of demolished and crushed concrete, cement blocks and ceramic tiles were tested and the results obtained were compared with the properties of natural aggregates. Secondly, their optimum mix proportions were obtained by conducting a series of tests on the concrete and mortar samples that were produced by partially replacing the natural aggregates in them with demolished aggregates in the proportions of 30%, 60% and 100% and the results obtained were compared with the results of similar tests carried out on control samples made using only natural aggregates. The results revealed that the physical properties of processed demolished construction materials are almost similar to those of natural aggregates and that the results correlated well with the previous research findings. The results related to the engineering properties indicated that demolished concrete aggregates and crushed coarse tile aggregates can replace natural aggregates up to 30% and 60% respectively in the production of Grade 25 concrete. Furthermore, the study revealed that demolished concrete and demolished blocks in the form of fine aggregates can replace sand up to 30 % in proportion in the production of mortar. The direct cost analysis revealed that the use of demolished construction waste material to replace natural aggregates in the production of both concrete and mortar will be profitable only marginally.
How to Cite: Deiyagala, D.A.T.H. et al., (2017). Engineering and Economic Viability of Using Crushed Construction Waste in the Production of Concrete and Mortar. Engineer: Journal of the Institution of Engineers, Sri Lanka. 50(3), pp.41–53. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/engineer.v50i3.7264
Published on 10 Sep 2017.
Peer Reviewed

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