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Health hazards, risk and safety practices in construction sites – a review study

Authors:

V. H. P. Vitharana ,

University of Ruhuna, LK
About V. H. P.
B.Sc.Physics(Hons)(Ruhuna),Research (Mphil)Student, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering
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G. H. M. J. Subashi De Silva,

University of Ruhuna, LK
About G. H. M. J.

Eng. (Dr.) (Mrs.), PhD (Saitama), B.Sc.Eng. (Hons)(Moratuwa), C.Eng. MIE (Sri Lanka)

Senior Lecturer, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering

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Sudhira De Silva

University of Ruhuna, LK
About Sudhira

Eng. (Dr.), PhD (Saitama), M.Eng (Saitama) B.Sc.Eng. (Hons)(Moratuwa), C.Eng. MIE (Sri Lanka)

Senior Lecturer, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering

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Abstract

This review attempts to identify the health hazards, risks and causes of poor safety practices in construction sites. In addition, the differences in safety practices in both developed and developing countries and methods to improve construction site safety are discussed.

Effects of some health hazards are chronic while some are acute. Mostly reported acute health hazards are “workers fall from height” and “electric shocks”, while mostly reported chronic health hazard is “exposure to hazardous substances”.

Lack of awareness about site safety and dislike to wear Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) were identified as main causes of poor safety practices in construction sites. One of the major needs with regard to the construction industry is to enhance professionals’ interests in active safety management and implementation of awareness programs, which must be developed and implemented among construction workers. Awareness on possible risk factors and knowledge on how to reduce these risk factors among workers and contractors will enhance site safety.


ENGINEER, Vol. 48, No.03, pp. 35-44 2015
How to Cite: Vitharana, V.H.P., De Silva, G.H.M.J.S. & De Silva, S., (2015). Health hazards, risk and safety practices in construction sites – a review study. Engineer: Journal of the Institution of Engineers, Sri Lanka. 48(3), pp.35–44. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/engineer.v48i3.6840
Published on 29 Jul 2015.
Peer Reviewed

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