Reading: Airport Curbside and Parking Area Operations at BIA – Analysis of User Behavior


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Section II

Airport Curbside and Parking Area Operations at BIA – Analysis of User Behavior


S. D. B. Galagedera ,

LTL Holdings Ltd., LK
About S. D. B.
Eng., B.Sc. Eng. (Moratuwa). MIET,
Mechanical Engineer
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H. R. Pasindu,

University of Moratuwa., LK
About H. R.
Dr., BSc Eng. (Moratuwa), PhD (Singapore),
Senior Lecturer, Department of Civil Engineering.
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J. M. S. J. Bandara

University of Moratuwa, LK
About J. M. S. J.
Prof. BSc Eng.(Moratuwa), PhD (Canada),
Senior Lecturer, Department of Civil Engineering
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Airport curbside, where travelers and their baggage enter and exit the terminal, and the designated parking area are important components in airport land-side facilities. Passengers expect safe and efficient roadway operations even as volumes increase, but the design and capacity of .the curbside are often constrained by the terminal building and the proximity of on-airport land-side infrastructure. The operating characteristics of airport terminal curbside differ significantly from those of most other roadways due to several reasons such as vehicle dwell time, maneuver vehicles to and from adjacent lane, variation in demand etc. The capacity of a curbside roadway is defined both by the number of vehicles that can be accommodated while stopping to pick up or drop off passengers and the number that can be accommodated while traveling past the curbside in the through lanes. Therefore a study of operations at curbside and parking area is important to identify issues related to existing and future demand levels. The main focus of the paper is on the evaluation of vehicle operations and passenger behavior at the BIA terminal access roadway, weaving segment, arrival and departure curbside roadways and terminal car park. Analysis of vehicular traffic, travel mode choices, and curbside roadway vehicle queues, vehicle dwelling times, passenger occupancy time at curbs and passenger processing and walking times will provide useful information for developing plans for operational improvements as well as for future expansions. Using the available data, the demand and the capacity at these facilities are evaluated to estimate the existing level of service. In addition, measures were identified to improve the operational efficiency of these facilities and design improvements are proposed to ensure good operational efficiency for the forecast future demand.

ENGINEER, Vol. 47, No. 04, pp. 43-51, 2014
How to Cite: Galagedera, S.D.B., Pasindu, H.R. and Bandara, J.M.S.J., 2014. Airport Curbside and Parking Area Operations at BIA – Analysis of User Behavior. Engineer: Journal of the Institution of Engineers, Sri Lanka, 47(4), pp.43–51. DOI:
Published on 27 Oct 2014.
Peer Reviewed


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