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Section II

Strategic Decision Support for Resolving Conflict Existing in Per Aru basin located in Vavuniya district

Authors:

G. Abira ,

National Water Supply & Drainage Board, Vavuniya., LK
About G.
Eng., BSc.Eng (Peradeniya), MEng (Peradeniya), MIE(Sri Lanka), CEng., Senior Project Engineer
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K.D.W. Nandalal

University of Peardeniya, Peradeniya, LK
About K.D.W.
Eng (Prof.), BSc.Eng (Peradeniya), MEng (AIT, Thailand), PhD (Wagenigen, The Netherlands), FIE (Sri Lanka), CEng., Professor in Civil Engineer
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Abstract

The graph model for conflict resolution (GMCR), along with its associated decision support system GMCR II, is employed for systematically studying the strategic aspects of a conflict existing in Per Aru basin. National Water Supply & Drainage Board has planned to build a reservoir on the Per Aru for the sole purpose of supplying drinking water to the urban areas of Vavuniya district. People who will be affected due to the inundation of their lands have shown resistance to the construction of the reservoir. Moreover, government organizations such as Forest Department and Wildlife Department also have expressed their concerns over the construction of a reservoir since that will have diverse impacts on forest lands and wildlife in the area that will be inundated by the proposed reservoir. The above three stakeholders, viz., National Water Supply & Drainage Board, affected people and government organizations suggest a few options to solve the conflict.The options are specific actions that can actually occur in a conflict. The decision support system, GMCR II, was used to investigate and resolve this conflict. The paper presents all the steps involved in the modeling of the conflict using GMCR II and analysis of the results obtained from the model. The National Water Supply & Drainage Board accepting to reduce the inundation area and agreeing to release sufficient environmental flow was resulted as the best possible solution acceptable for all the three parties.The solution includes affected people and Government Organizations agreeing for the construction of the reservoir at the original location.


ENGINEER, Vol. 47, No. 03, pp. 61-70, 2014

How to Cite: Abira, G. & Nandalal, K.D.W., (2014). Strategic Decision Support for Resolving Conflict Existing in Per Aru basin located in Vavuniya district. Engineer: Journal of the Institution of Engineers, Sri Lanka. 47(3), pp.61–70. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/engineer.v47i3.6895
Published on 21 Jul 2014.
Peer Reviewed

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