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Section II

Water Utility and Management Policy for Effective Sharing of Natural Water Resource in the Costal Dry Zone of Sri Lanka in the North East Region

Author:

S. S. Sivakumar

LK
About S. S.
PhD, MSc, BSc, FIE(Sri Lanka), C.Eng. MIE BMPSI, LMICOLD, IMIWRS, LMSLAAS.
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Abstract

Unlike other natural resources, water is a unique resource, which renews itself. It is due to its constant circulation in the ocean-atmosphere-earth-ocean system. No matter how much water is consumed in daily life, its amount seldom dwindles. With time and under certain conditions water regains its properties and becomes fit for reuse. This is probably the reason why water resources appear to be unlimited for a long time. The North East region of Sri Lanka comprises the whole of eight districts, namely Jaffna, Mannar, Vavuniya, Kilinochchi, Mullaitivu, Trincomalee, Batticaloa, and Ampara and covers an area of 18,881sq.km. The population is around 3.17 million, with growth rate nearly 1.5% per annum. Agriculture, including fisheries, has been the principal economic activity in the province. Over 50% of the total work force, in the region depends on irrigated agriculture for their livelihood. To accelerate the development and effective utilization of water resource identified within the region, a clearly defined policy formulation is essential. Only with a proper policy for the effective utilization and management of water resource, the expected result can be achieved.

ENGINEER, Vol. 47, No. 01, pp. 37-42, 2014

DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/engineer.v47i1.6859
How to Cite: Sivakumar, S.S., (2014). Water Utility and Management Policy for Effective Sharing of Natural Water Resource in the Costal Dry Zone of Sri Lanka in the North East Region. Engineer: Journal of the Institution of Engineers, Sri Lanka. 47(1), pp.37–42. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/engineer.v47i1.6859
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Published on 27 Jan 2014.
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