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Characteristics of hydraulic jumps over rough beds – an experimental study

Authors:

N.G.P.B. Neluwala ,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About N.G.P.B.
Temporary Lecturer, Department of Civil Engineering,
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K.T.S. Karunanayake,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About K.T.S.
Department of Civil Engineering
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K.B.G.M. Sandaruwan,

Central Engineering Consultancy Bureau, LK
About K.B.G.M.
Project Engineer,
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K.P.P. Pathirana

University of Peradeniya, LK
About K.P.P.
Professor of Civil Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering
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Abstract

The present knowledge on the behaviour of hydraulic jump is only for smooth, horizontal channel beds and very limited studies have been reported in literature on the performance of hydraulic jumps on rough beds. This research attempts to investigate the characteristics of hydraulic jumps formed on rough, horizontal channel beds under different flow conditions using laboratory investigations. A series of experiments were carried out in a rectangular flume which consists of artificially roughened beds formed by placing rectangular wooden strips in specific intervals. The hydraulic parameters such as, initial water depth, sequent water depth, and flow rate were measured for different bed roughnesses. The analysis of experimental data showed that the rough bed reduces the distance to the jump from the gate and the sequent depth ratio than those on smooth beds while creating a high energy loss. With the availability of a large number of experimental data on hydraulic jumps over rough channel beds, mathematical formulations were developed to express the hydraulic jump characteristics relating roughness parameters such as; roughness density and roughness height.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/engineer.v46i3.6779

ENGINEER, Vol. 46, No.03, pp.1-7, 2013

How to Cite: Neluwala, N.G.P.B. et al., (2013). Characteristics of hydraulic jumps over rough beds – an experimental study. Engineer: Journal of the Institution of Engineers, Sri Lanka. 46(3), pp.1–7. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/engineer.v46i3.6779
Published on 30 Jul 2013.
Peer Reviewed

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