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Section II

Engineering Infrastructure for Water Resources Development - Impact of Design Rainfall Pattern on Safety Considerations

Authors:

N. T. S. Wijesekera ,

University of Moratuwa, LK
About N. T. S.

Senior professor, Department of Civil Engineering

Eng. (Prof.), B.Sc. Eng(Sri Lanka), PG Dip.(Moratuwa), M.Eng. (Tokyo), D.Eng. (Tokyo), CEng, MICE(UK) , FIE(Sri Lanka),
 

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W. M. D. Wijesinghe

University of Moratuwa, LK
About W. M. D.
B.Sc. Eng. (Moratuwa), M. Sc. (Moratuwa),
Research Assistant, Department of Civil Engineering,
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Abstract

Safety of the Water Resources Development infrastructure is fully assured only if they are tested for the design flood event of appropriate design return period.
The literature review highlighted the design rainfall pattern as a critical factor for the estimation of design flow. Alternate Block Method (ABM) is considered as a simple and consistent method for estimating design rainfall pattern. The runoff hydrographs, peakflows and time to peak values from a storm event based rainfall distribution and uniform rainfall distribution were compared with ABM estimates for the sub catchments of Attanagalu Oya at four locations. The study revealed that ABM results in the highest peak values compared to Storm Event based and Uniform rainfall distributions. Larger catchment areas display hydrographs of similar shape for all three rainfall patterns. The disparity between the peak flows from the three rainfall patterns becomes lower in larger catchments, indicating 42%, 58%, 62% and 73% peakflow estimates of the ABM estimate, from smallest to largest catchment, with storm event based distribution. The time to peak values from storm event based and uniform intensity distributions indicate an irregular behavior with the catchment area. In the absence of a proper rainfall pattern that can be used confidently, ABM provides a better and reliable methodology ensuring the safety of the structure. If the rainfall pattern is not selected carefully there will be a threat to the safety of the structure.

ENGINEER, Vol. 46, No. 01, pp. 37-45, 2013

How to Cite: Wijesekera, N.T.S. & Wijesinghe, W.M.D., (2013). Engineering Infrastructure for Water Resources Development - Impact of Design Rainfall Pattern on Safety Considerations. Engineer: Journal of the Institution of Engineers, Sri Lanka. 46(1), pp.37–45. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/engineer.v46i1.6903
Published on 23 Jan 2013.
Peer Reviewed

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