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Event Based Modeling of a Watershed Using HEC-HMS

Authors:

H. K. Nandalal ,

University of Peradeniya, LK
About H. K.

Lecturer, Department of Civil Engineering,

Eng.(Mrs.) , BSc Eng, MSc, MlE(Sri Lanka), CEng,

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U. R. Ratmayake

University of Peradeniya, LK
About U. R.

Senior Lecturer, Department of Civil Engineering,

Eng.(Dr.) , BSC, MSc, PhD, MIE(Sri Lanka), CEng,

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Abstract

Modeling a watershed can be very much useful to quantify water resources for effective system management. Rainfall runoff models are very much useful in forecasting floods, which will enable taking mitigation measures. Kalu-Ganga River basin in Sri Lanka is subjected to frequent floods. This paper presents a rainfall-runoff model developed for this basin using HEC-HMS lumped conceptual hydrologic model. Two different models, one having four sub basins and the other having ten sub basins were formulated. They were calibrated and verified using four historical flood events. Streamflow data at three gauging stations along the river were used in the calibration and verification. The resulting hydrographs at these three gauging stations were compared with the observed hydrographs based on flood peaks, time to peak and the Nash Sutcliffe coefficient The results show the suitability of the HECHMS software in the modeling of the Kalu-Ganga River basin. Further the results of the two models indicate that there is no impact of the number of sub basins considered in the modeling of the basin on the prediction of floods due to rainfalls.
How to Cite: Nandalal, H.K. & Ratmayake, U.R., (2010). Event Based Modeling of a Watershed Using HEC-HMS. Engineer: Journal of the Institution of Engineers, Sri Lanka. 43(2), pp.28–37. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/engineer.v43i2.6979
Published on 30 Apr 2010.
Peer Reviewed

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