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Reading: Enhancing Productivity of Water through Integrated Water Resources Management

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Section II

Enhancing Productivity of Water through Integrated Water Resources Management

Author:

M. Y. Zainudeen

Engineering Services, North Western Province, LK
About M. Y.

Deputy Chief Secretary

PGDIP (Eng), MSc. (Eng), C. Eng., I Eng, FlE (Sri Lanka), MIMSL

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Abstract

Growing population, increased economic activities and improved standards of living create increased competition and conflicts over the limited fresh water resource. A combination of social inequity, economic marginalization and lack of effective poverty alleviation programs also force people living in extreme poverty to over exploit soil and forestry resources, which often results in negative impacts on water resources. Further pollution from domestic, agricultural and industrial waste deteriorate the water quality which influences water usability downstream, threatens human health and the functioning of aquatic ecosystems, leading to poor overall productivity of water. Water scarcity will become more acute over time in the absence of significant efforts to enhance the productivity of water in all water use sectors and maintaining ecological balance and sustainability.

 

The above problems are aggravated by the shortcomings in the management of water. Sectoral approaches to water resources management have dominated all over and are still prevailing in many parts of the world, leading to fragmented and uncoordinated development and management of the source. Thus the overall problem, low productivity of water, is caused by both increased competition for finite resources and inefficient water governance.

 

Productivity of water is a much spoken topic among the policy makers, investors, and managers in the water resources development sector at International level, but it has not gained much publicity or attention locally, especially among the politicians and water users. Current scenario seeks an environmentally sustainable and socially acceptable policy framework for developing & managing water resources.

 

In the event of diminishing availability of fresh water and increasing demand necessitates a new approach for water resources management - Integrated water resources management- which is gaining the attention of the water professionals, policy makers and mangers all over world.

How to Cite: Zainudeen, M.Y., (2008). Enhancing Productivity of Water through Integrated Water Resources Management. Engineer: Journal of the Institution of Engineers, Sri Lanka. 41(2), pp.33–42. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/engineer.v41i2.7120
Published on 20 Apr 2008.
Peer Reviewed

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